9mm Makarov Ammunition
History of 9x18mm Makarov Ammunition
Designed in 1948 by B.V. Semin, the 9x18 Makarov cartridge was adopted by the Soviet Union in 1951 for use in the Makarov PM pistol, replacing the TT-33 pistol. There were a few requirements that the new cartridge had to meet. The first was that it would function well in a blowback pistol. The second was that it be different from NATO ammunition so that NATO forces would not be able to use Warsaw Pact ammo against them.
Eventually the 9x18 was chambered in several different firearms. Some of the more popular ones include the CZ vz, 82, the Stechkin APS and the Skorpion vz. 82. The cartridge remains in service today by many former Warsaw Pact countries and was only recently replaced after 60 years of service in the Russian military. The military ammunition made in 9x18 Makarov is all designed as antipersonnel but some is designed to defeat light body armor or unarmored vehicles while some is designed for use with a silencer.
Ballistically, the 9x18 Makarov uses bullets that weigh between 123 and 170 grains on average. The bullets will travel anywhere from 820 to over 1300 feet per second. This gives muzzle energies that are from 115 to 300 foot pounds. Most 9x18 Makarov ammo will shoot right at one inch groups at 25 yards.
Although it never really caught on, the 9x18 Makarov does have its fair share of fans. Military firearm collectors, especially those who collect Warsaw Pact firearms would consider their collection incomplete without at least one firearm in this caliber.
The 9x18 Makarov is one of those interesting calibers that will likely be around until bullets and powder give way to guns that shoot lasers. Is it a great powerhouse round that can be used for big game hunting? No. Is it an uber-reliable, super expanding but never over penetrating round that will provide one shot stops in all self defense situations? No. Is it a mild recoiling, accurate and fun to shoot cartridge that can fill the needs that your average pistol owner would have? Absolutely.
Discuss 9mm Makarov Ammunition by adding your comment to the 14 comments below or by asking a new question
- Bob said: "9x18 only works in Makarov Have not had chance to shoot yet"
- jerome said: "jams in all my guns.---- there no good"