7.62x54r Ammo

Having served in the Russian military for over 120 years, the 7.62x54R holds the record for the longest service life of any military rifle cartridge. Because of its accuracy, reliability and power, the 7.62x54R is a great choice for hunting or target shooting.
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  1. Russian Surplus 7.62x54r Ammo - 440 Rounds of 149 Grain FMJ Ammunition

    Image For 440 Rounds Of 148 Grain FMJ Berdan Steel 7.62x54r Russian Surplus Ammunition


    $120.00 Price
    In stock now
    • 440 Rounds
    • Made by Russian Surplus
    • Discount Steel
    • 27.3¢ Cost Per Round
    • UPC RUSSLVR440
  2. Russian Surplus 7.62x54r Ammo - 440 Rounds of 148 Grain FMJ Ammunition

    Image For 440 Rounds Of 148 Grain FMJ Berdan Steel 7.62x54r Military Surplus Ammunition


    $125.00 Price
    In stock now
    • 440 Rounds
    • Made by Military Surplus
    • Discount Steel
    • 28.4¢ Cost Per Round
  3. Wolf 7.62x54r Ammo - 20 Rounds of 174 Grain FMJ Ammunition

    Image For 20 Rounds Of 174 Grain FMJ Berdan Steel 7.62x54r Wolf Ammunition


    $11.75 Price
    In stock now
    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Wolf
    • Discount Steel
    • 58.8¢ Cost Per Round
  4. Silver Bear 7.62x54r Ammo - 20 Rounds of 174 Grain FMJ Ammunition

    Image For 20 Rounds Of 174 Grain FMJ Berdan Zinc Plated Steel 7.62x54r Silver Bear Ammunition


    $13.50 Price
    In stock now
    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Silver Bear
    • Discount Steel
    • 174 Grain
    • FMJ Bullet
    • Zinc Plated Steel Casing
    • Berdan Primer
    • 67.5¢ Cost Per Round
    • Silver Bear SKU A754NFMJ
  5. Prvi Partizan 7.62x54r Ammo - 20 Rounds of 182 Grain FMJ-BT Ammunition

    Image For 20 Rounds Of 182 Grain FMJ-BT Boxer Brass 7.62x54r Prvi Partizan Ammunition


    $19.99 Price
    In stock now
    • 20 Rounds
    • Made by Prvi Partizan
    • Foreign-made Range
    • 100¢ to $1.00 Cost Per Round
    • Prvi Partizan SKU PP7.66
    • UPC 8605003804369
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History of 7.62x54mmR Ammunition

Entering service with the Russian Army in 1891, the 7.62x54mmR is the cartridge used in the Mosin-Nagant rifle. A rifle still popular among civilian users across the world, the 7.62x54mmR can still be found in military use as well. Most notably in the Dragunov sniper rifle, however the PKM machine gun also uses the 7.62x54mmR cartridge. With over 120 years in continuous service, the 7.62x54mmR is the longest serving military small arms cartridge in the world.

The nomenclature of the 7.62x54mmR has been misunderstood so that the R stands for Russian, when actually it stands for Rimmed, a description of the case. Ballistics of the 7.62x54mmR are very similar to the .308 Winchester cartridge. The original loading had a 210 grain bullet and a round nose full metal jacket. In 1908 it was replaced by a full metal jacketed spitzer point that weighed in at a much leaner 147 grains . This has remained as the most common bullet weight but the applications that this cartridge has had have spanned the gamut of rifle cartridge applications. For line infantry use, the full metal jacket bullet can be found with a steel core. There are also tracers, armor piercing and specially designed sniper ammunition.

The 7.62x54mmR is very respectable with muzzle velocities well above 3000 feet per second with some loads approaching 3500 feet per second. Bullet weights vary from 147 to over 200 grains. Easily generating over 2400 foot pounds of energy at the muzzle, the 7.62x54mmR can still carry over 1000 foot pounds of energy at 500 yards!

The 7.62x54mmR is used by target shooters and hunters across the world as it is fairly easy to find and compared to the .308 Winchester, very affordable. The Mosin Nagant is a popular entry level rifle in the United States as new shooters enjoy the affordable price of the rifle paired with the 7.62x54mmR ammo that can be bought and stored easily in the famous “Spam can”, a steel case that will normally hold 880 rounds of ammo for an indefinite period of time. Tula and Wolf are the main manufacturers of this ammunition, but other manufacturers do occasionally have runs of it as well.

The 7.62x54mmR is a great choice for the hunter and aspiring target shooter who wants to have an interesting, great performing cartridge that will take trophy game and win trophies at the range!

Discuss 7.62x54r ammunition by adding your comment to the 8 comments below or by asking a new question

William Parsons ( Tue, 11 Dec 2012 07:09:42 +0000 ) : is there an insert I can get to make my 54r fire a 39 and be able to remove to fire 54r again.
Christopher Brown ( Sun, 17 Mar 2013 16:10:51 +0000 ) : I own an M-38...very fine Rifle. I use S&B 180 gr. for hunting and surplus for practice.
Steven Bergeron ( Mon, 18 Mar 2013 01:50:22 +0000 ) : Not at this time. The extractor requires a rim and the chamber is too deep to effectively use the x39 ammo.
James Elliott ( Mon, 18 Mar 2013 06:46:33 +0000 ) : What modern rifles are currently in production that are chambered for this 7.62x54r? I am familiar with 30.06;.308;.223 but not his one.
Jim Rainbolt ( Mon, 18 Mar 2013 13:51:12 +0000 ) : I own 3- 7.62x54r they are very good.
Terry Nixon ( Mon, 25 Mar 2013 01:41:26 +0000 ) : I own a 91/30 and a M44. It is definately a superb round. I call it a Poor Man's '03 Springfield. It is a good performer. I just kind of wish that the sights would adjust down to 100 meters, but know the front post can be changed to accomplish it.
Matt Savage ( Mon, 25 Mar 2013 16:45:55 +0000 ) : The power of this round is amazing! I have a 1954 M44 and to see what kind of range and power the X54r has? Can't wait to go hunting! James Elliot> To my knowledge, there aren't current rifles that use this round. It's more for the old Russian milsurps (and their finn, chinese, etc counterparts). From what I've been told and read though, you can't beat this round for big game hunting and it has GREAT range to it! considering you can still pick up a Mosin Nagant 91/30 for under 200 many places, the price for the rifle and the ammunition (especially if bought in bulk) makes it a fantastic value.
Steven Cates ( Tue, 31 Dec 2013 04:18:29 +0000 ) : I have a 1943 Ischevisk 91/30. I love this gun and I love this round. I do probably look strange after a bit of shooting when I open the bolt and poor windex down the barrel, but that's part of the routine. I follow that with a liberal amount of WD 40. I could get the non corrosive ammo, but the milsurp stuff is so much cheaper and it fires great. I'm firing ammo that is around 30 years old and I haven't had a singe problem with one.
7.62x54r Ammo Ammo Customer Reviews
  • Click To Purchase This 7.62x54r Wolf Ammunition
  • Drift Wood said: "This ammunition is well worth the price and would recommend it to anyone that likes this caliber. Only wish I had purchased more. I will need to reorder since what I bought only lasted one time at the range. Had to keep shooting for the accuracy was great. Clean up was fast as that this is definitely not corrosive."
  • badass67 said: "I have two Nagant 7.62x54s they are long range rifles and the ammo performed very well. Right on the money!!!!!! Great price, excellent service. I've been shooting firearms for many years. I recomend this ammo to anyone. I also got some 7.62x38 for the Nagant Revolver no prob. Very happy with the products, and the service I recevied fron the whole team at Ammo Net. Thank you very much!!! "