30 Carbine Ammunition
History of .30 Carbine Ammunition
In the late 1930’s, the U.S. Army wanted to outfit its ammunition carriers, machine gunners, mortar crews, administrative and communications personnel needed a more appropriate warfighting tool than the M1911A1 pistol. Something with a longer range and more power than the .45 ACP pistol. The size and weight of the M1 Garand made this fine rifle a poor choice to be used in this tasking. So in June of 1940, the U.S. Secretary of War, Henry Stimson ordered that a lighter rifle be developed for this need. This led to the development of the M1 Carbine and soon after, the M2 Carbine rifles.
The M2 Carbine served in the US Military from World War II to Vietnam. During the Korean Conflict, the rifle itself was known for not being particularly well suited to the cold. Worse yet, the .30 Carbine bullets were not penetrating the heavy winter clothing of the Chinese and North Korean Soldiers. Even with these shortcomings, the M2 continued military service with the United States until it was replaced by the M-16 and its variants in the 1970’s.
The .30 Carbine was developed by Winchester to meet army specifications. A couple of these were: A caliber greater than .27 and an effective range of 300 yards. Winchester’s Edwin Pugsley took the .32 Winchester Self-Loading cartridge, turned down the rim and built the base for his new cartridge. This case was rimless and held a .308 caliber bullet that had a rounded nose, similar to the military issue .45 ACP ball ammo. The initial production ammo shot a 120 grain bullet at 2000 feet per second.
The .30 Carbine has made somewhat of an impact on the civilian market. It is used for small to medium sized game such as fox, javelina and coyote. The .30 Carbine has been chambered in several rifles and a few pistols as well. Current ammunition offerings include some of the more prominent manufacturers such as Winchester, Federal, Remington, Magtech and Aguila. The most common bullet weight is 110 grains with a velocity around 2000 feet per second. Bullets can be found in full metal jacket, soft point and hollow point. The cost per round is usually in the $0.40 to $0.60 range with some specialty loads costing considerably more.
The .30 Carbine is something of a jack of all trades in the ammunition world. It shoots a large diameter bullet at a moderate velocity. It can be used for most small to medium game. The .30 Carbine is chambered in rifles and pistols and can be found in several different action types. Its’ mild recoil and good accuracy combine to make the .30 Carbine an excellent choice for the new shooter as well as a fun centerfire plinking cartridge.
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- Bob R said: "Bought a box of this to use as economical practice ammo. Shot all 50 rounds without any problems, in an old 15 round and a new 30 round magazine. My early Universal Carbine seems to love it. Althought I can't quantify it, it does appear to be a little dirty compared to the Remington I have used, but that is what a cleaning kit is for. Will save the more expensive ammo for personal defense, but will buy more of the TulAmmo for target practice!"