22 Short Ammo
History of .22 Short Ammunition
In 1857, the .22 Short was the first American metallic cartridge to be introduced. It operated by using the rimfire principle, in that a priming compound was placed inside of the hollow cartridge rim to ignite the powder held in the case. This offered a completely self contained cartridge that was resistant to moisture and much quicker to reload than the other firearms of the day.
When Smith and Wesson introduced their first revolver, it was chambered for this cartridge. The .22 Short was intended to be used as a personal defense cartridge and was very popular personal weapon among soldiers in the American Civil War. After the war, the .22 Short maintained its popularity as it was used in a variety of small pistols and rifles as well. Many youngsters of the late 1800’s and early to mid 1900’s were given .22 Short rifles as their first firearm. Eventually the .22 Short was taken over in popularity by the .22 LR, however it still has a niche following that keeps the cartridge's place in the shooting world.
Another popular use of the .22 Short was in shooting galleries. During the late 1800’s to the mid 1900’s, shooting galleries were popular, and one of the more commonly used cartridges was the .22 Short. It not only had a very mild report and virtually no recoil, but it was very accurate. Mostly the .22 Short was known for its ability to take small game and for pest control.
The .22 Short has a 29 grain lead round nose bullet that achieves a 1045 foot per second velocity. This calculates to a muzzle energy of 70 foot pounds. Even though it was initially developed over one hundred years ago for self defense, the .22 Short can still be found chambered in a few modern self defense firearms.
Several rifle manufacturers have built rifles for the .22 Short. Marlin, Winchester and Remington are among the most well known. The rifles were made most commonly in pump and lever actions, with the single shot rifles close behind. Browning also made a semi auto and Winchester made special order, bolt action rifles that used the .22 Short. The .22 Short is a great cartridge, it is accurate, quiet and has an almost imperceptible recoil, especially when using subsonic ammo. This is a great first time shooter cartridge and a fun plinker as well. The .22 Short is one of the great almost forgotten cartridges.
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